Constipation in the dog means that the animal has difficulty in dropping feces. The digested food accumulates and concentrates in the large intestine, making it increasingly difficult and painful to excrete it.
Prognosis for dog constipation
Sometimes the constipation resolves itself and the dog quickly recovers from the exhaustion of the faeces sales disorder. However, if digestion is disturbed for several days, a visit to the veterinarian is recommended. Do not wait too long because constipation can prolong the intestinal wall and trigger a so-called megacolon. The intestinal wall stretching cannot be reversed and permanently disturbs the digestion of the four-legged friend. The earlier the symptoms are identified, the causes are found and treated, the greater the chances of a cure.
Symptoms of constipation in the dog
If your dog repeatedly goes into the typical crouch position to drop feces while walking, but nothing comes out, he suffers from constipation. It is also possible that some faeces are excreted, but they are very hard and dry. Sometimes a so-called pseudo diarrhea can be added; the animal excretes mucus and blood.
Other accompanying symptoms are severe abdominal pain, sometimes colic, bloating and "sledding" - the dog has its bottom dragged over the floor, as is often the case with anal gland inflammation. Constipation in dogs is generally associated with pain and discomfort. This can manifest itself in loss of appetite, listlessness and other abnormalities in dog behavior.
Possible causes of indigestion
The indigestion can have a variety of causes: starting with improper nutrition, insufficient exercise, insufficient care and deeper illnesses. Common feeding errors include insufficient fluid intake and an excessive amount of bones. The latter can happen if the bass is wrong. If your dog gets a lot of dry food and that is not compensated with an increased amount of water, this can lead to constipation. Inadequate grooming, especially in long-haired dogs, can cause the anus to smear and the feces to no longer get out easily.
Too little exercise leads to constipation - the digested food is no longer transported properly, accumulates in the large intestine and becomes increasingly solid. There can be various reasons for the lack of exercise; the duration and number of walks may be too short, there is a lack of appropriate dog sport or the four-legged friend has difficulty moving. This is the case for overweight, but also for joint pain, hip problems, osteoarthritis, rheumatism and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
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In addition, inflammation and abscesses in the anus region can make droppings more difficult and painful, so that the dog "holds back" and the digested food builds up in the intestine. A similar thing happens when foreign bodies such as small swallowed objects or hair trigger an intestinal obstruction or when a tumor in the anus region prevents digested matter from being excreted. Some medications can cause constipation in dogs, such as water tablets, which dogs with heart problems often get. Certain pain relievers, sedatives and antiallergics also affect digestion.
Chronic diseases such as hypothyroidism are often associated with constipation. In addition, mental problems can upset the dog's digestion, for example if the daily routine of your four-legged friend changes suddenly or he is in a completely strange environment. This can hit your stomach quickly.
Treating constipation in dogs: home remedies or veterinarian?
If the dog is suffering from acute constipation and does not show any further symptoms of the disease, you can first try to solve the constipation with home remedies. It may be enough to give him some milk in his food and drink plenty of water. Even mild laxatives such as lactulose or psyllium husk can help to soften the stool in the intestine so that your four-legged friend can excrete it. Flax seeds and bran also serve this purpose. If the constipation continues after two days or your dog seems to be in pain, go to the vet.
He will investigate the cause of the indigestion through various examinations and, depending on the diagnosis, initiate the appropriate treatment. If an X-ray examination reveals that a foreign body or tumor is clogging the intestine, surgery is usually unavoidable. In the event of severe dehydration (dehydration) of the body, the veterinarian may have to administer intravenous fluids.