In detail

Territory behavior of cats and tomcats


Whether outdoors or a domestic cat - every velvet paw shows an instinctive territory behavior. If several cats or tomcats meet, it depends, among other things, on the place of the encounter, whether the ranking is fought out or not. Who owns the area? These two cats fight it out - Shutterstock / PNSJ88

Territory behavior means that cats and cats keep a close eye on their area. Freelancers in particular take good care of what is going on in their area, who is new to the neighborhood and how the ranking is. There are differences between female cats and tomcats. The area behavior is also present in house cats and comes into play when a second cat or another pet moves in. Then it is about who owns which sleeping places, which cat eats in which places or does its business.

Territory behavior and ranking in cats

Both female and male cats usually have their permanent territory, where they are in command. Female fur noses are usually not out for confrontation unless they have young. Then defend your territory for life and death in a furious way. Otherwise, the ranking of cat ladies is not irrevocably fixed - it depends primarily on the situation and the place of encounter. Cat mothers enjoy the highest rank, while neutered cat ladies without offspring enjoy the lowest.

In addition to their traditional territory, female cats also have roaming areas and border areas where the behavior in the territory is not lived out. There they try to avoid each other and each sniff out the surroundings. If the encounter cannot be prevented, they perform a kind of get-to-know-you dance. They sneak around each other, smell each other and try to sniff the back of their companion. If a cat then lifts its tail, it is in a friendly mood. If not, she hisses, spreads a paw cut and thus ensures distance.

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Territory behavior: When hangovers fight

Hangovers are stricter when it comes to their territory behavior. Cat owners usually have a fixed hierarchy that has been fought out beforehand. The strongest and most daring hangover comes first in the ranking. Anxious, shy cats and young animals that submit too quickly are ranked far below. Despite the strict hierarchy, cat owners usually let the owner of the area take the lead.

The hangover fights are accompanied by loud shouting and hissing and often look very bitter. But usually the struggles look more brutal than they are. The opponents can get scratches and injuries, but these are mostly accidental and heal again. The hangovers primarily want to measure their strength without harming their peers. However, you should watch the wounds and go to the vet if they catch fire, do not heal, or are concerned. Once the ranking is established, the cat owners leave it to show off when they meet their peers.

Mark territory with fragrance notes

So that all cats know who owns an area, they set marks in the form of fragrance notes. In this area behavior, the velvet paws mostly use urine. But even when cats scratch trees or rub against something, they set a mark. Especially with uncastrated tomcats, marking with urine can be very uncomfortable for cat owners, as they do not shy away from investigating this behavior in the home.